The Greatest Fraud in American History
is Uncovered by the following data.
The Members of the "Constitution Talking Society"may not be aware, but the following reprint is among the MOST IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS, Equal to the Constitution itself! Even though Millions had read George Washington's First veto, none of them Fully Understood its Importance!
Read this History making Document for Yourself, and see if You Understand its Intent, and TRUE VALUE.
Actually; Alone, this Veto offers No Important Information. However; When compared with the Act it was directed to, it will be found some Members of Our 2nd Congress are of Questionable Characters.
Our Well Lauded Constitution was FIRST VIOLATED, even after George Washington in his first Veto, had warned the Members of the 2nd Congress the Apportionment Act they were making, is violating the Mandating Laws of the Constitution!
It is an obvious fact; that A LAW made in VIOLATION of Our Nations Fundamental Laws, IS NOT, and CANNOT Carry the AUTHORITY to Produce a CONSTITUTIONALLY LEGISLATED LAW! Read Paper 78, by Alexander Hamilton, in THE FEDERALIST PAPERS.
A Copy of
WASHINGTON'S FIRST VETO
Click Here to See facsimile of the Original.
may be obtained from the Library of Congress, Washington D.C. 20540 Titled, First Veto, Reel 9, (Series 2, Volume 26) Microfilm edition of Washington's Papers April the 5:th
The President of the United States, this day returned to the House of Representatives a bill with the following message.
United States, April 5:th 1792
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives. I have maturely considered the Act passed by the two Houses, instituled, "An Act for an apportionment of representatives among the several States according to the enumeration," and I return it to your House, wherein it originated, with the following objections.
First.... The Constitution has prescribed that Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States, according to their respective Numbers:and there is no one proportion, or division which, applied to the respective Numbers of the States, will yield the number and allotment of Representatives proposed by the bill.
Second.... The Constitution has also provided that the Number of Representatives, SHALL NOT EXCEED ONE FOR EVERY THIRTY THOUSAND: which restriction is, BY THE CONTEXT, and BY FAIR AND OBVIOUS CONSTRUCTION, to be applied to THE SEPARATE AND RESPECTIVE NUMBER OF THE STATES: and the bill has allotted to EIGHT OF THE STATES MORE THAN ONE FOR THIRTY THOUSAND.
To fully understand this Veto Compare it to the following Act...
Click here to see the Facsimile of the Original Act.
April 14, 1792
The BIRTHDAY OF THE POLITICALLY DIVIDED AMERICA,
and the Celebration of
THE FIRST DELIBERATE VIOLATION
of Our Constitution by the
SECOND CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES:
AT THE FIRST SESSION
Begun and held at the city of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, on Monday the twenty-fourth of October one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one.
AN ACT for apportioning Representatives among the several States, according to the FIRST ENUMERATION. BE it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, that from and after the third day of March one thousand seven hundred and ninety three, the House of Representatives shall be composed of members elected agreeably to a ratio of ONE MEMBER FOR EVERY THIRTY THREE THOUSAND persons in each State, computed ACCORDING TO THE RULE PRESCRIBED BY THE CONSTITUTION; that is to say; Within the State of New Hampshire, four: within the State of Massachusetts, fourteen; Within the State of Vermont, two; Within the State of Rhode Island, two; Within the State of Connecticut, seven; Within the state of New York, ten; Within the state of New Jersey, five; within the State of Pennsylvania, Within the State of Maryland, eight; Within the State of Virginia, nineteen; Within the State of Kentucky, two; Within the State of North Carolina ten; Within the State of South Carolina, six --And within the State of Georgia, two Members.
I Certify this Act did originate in the House of Representatives. Approved April fourteenth, 1792. John Beckley, Clerk John Adams, Vice President of the United States, and President of the Senate.
G. WASHINGTON PRESIDENT
A copy of the #0028 Document may also be found in Many College Libraries, page 253., U.S. STATUES at Large, 1789-99.
The order number for the Above Act is; Record Group, M332 Enrolled Original Acts and Resolutions of the U.S. Congress, 1789-1823. Roll 2, Frame #0028
"An Act for Apportioning Representatives Among the Several States," April 14, 1792. The National Archives, Washington D.C. 20408. To Obtain Copies of any of these Documents, send $6.00? Check or Money order Payable to, "NAT-NARC" National Archive Trust Fund Board, P.O. Box 100793, Atlanta, Georgia. 30384.
George Washington's FIRST VETO, was Issued and Accepted by Congress as a Viable Act. Briefly; This Veto was in Opposition to the Changing the Number of Representatives, that was attempted on Earlier Bills. As a Member of the Constitutional Convention, George Washington was Very Familiar with the REPRESENTATIVE Process, and Knew when Certain Members of Congress WAS Trying to THROW IT to him. As a True Statesman, George had NO RESPECT for Politicians, and refused to be Intimidated!
Records show; There were two Prior attempts to Change the Number of Representatives by an Act of Congress. The First attempt Died on the Floor; The SECOND Attempt, is the one that Carried This Veto. Another Attempt was also Tried in Article 1. In Original the BILL of Rights.
Close reading will show in ARTICLE 1. Section 1., The Constitution has prescribed that Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States, according to their respective Numbers: In Section 3. The Constitution has also provided that the Number of Representatives, SHALL NOT EXCEED ONE FOR EVERY THIRTY THOUSAND:
This VETO TOLD Congress; In Order to CHANGE The Number of Representatives, THREE FOURTHS of the SEVERAL STATES would Have to RATIFY this Bill.
On April 14, 1792., Congress, Ignoring the reasons for this Veto, Submitted a Third BILL...
AN ACT for apportioning Representatives among the several States, according to the FIRST ENUMERATION. Read the following Clause Carefully. the House of Representatives shall be composed of members elected agreeably to a ratio of ONE MEMBER FOR EVERY THIRTY THREE THOUSAND persons in each State, COMPUTED ACCORDING TO THE RULE PRESCRIBED BY THE CONSTITUTION; that is to say; Within the State.... etc.
Fact # 1., This ACT was Signed by George Washington, knowing Full Well it was in Violation of the Constitution! Fact # 2., THE CLAUSE; COMPUTED ACCORDING TO THE "RULE" PRESCRIBED BY THE CONSTITUTION; Was A DELIBERATE FALLACIOUS STATEMENT!
No Such Clause EXISTS!
ARTICLE. I. Section. 2. Clause.6. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States... The SOLE Purpose of this Clause is to COUNT the Number of Citizens, in order to Fulfill the Mandate of the Following; The Number of Representatives Shall Not exceed one for every thirty Thousand,... This Clause is a FIXED Mandate, And it, As All Mandates do, REQUIRES a CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT, Where three fourths of the States LEGISLATURES Must AGREE to this CHANGE.
George: At his Worst, was Not a Stupid Man! It was He, who was RESPONSIBLE for having thirty Thousand Persons, (of the Voting age), for Each Representative, Instead of the Forty that was Originally Intended. And Too, the Erasure on the Original Document, was the Result of this Change!
This was not the First Time George Washington was in CONFLICT with THE WANNABE POLITICIANS... Which will be explained at a later date, to prove Politics, is a CONTINUOUS POWER STRUGGLE, FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE INNER-CIRCLE.
The following is posted for those who Seek More Facts. The following is copied from
The History of the United States of America
by James Schouler
1791-92 CENSUS AND NEW APPORTIONMENT 205
APPORTIONMENT FOR THE PROPER NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES
early for protection to become a serious policy on the part of government but this report of 1791 furnished the armory of a political party long years after its author had passed away. As an offset to the increased tariff, Congress reduced somewhat the excise on distilled spirits, so as to make it more acceptable, if possible, to the inhabitants of Western Pennsylvania and North Carolina, who were very uneasy under it. Petitions poured in complaining that the excise act contravened private rights, by subjecting citizens to an odious search, oppressing them with penalties, and interfering with their business. The secretary's advice having been called for, he defended the act in principle and detail, but recommended the alterations substantially as Congress had agreed to them.(1) The old Colonial bounty to fishermen, in which the hardy sons of Cape Cod were chiefly interested, was restored at this session, after it was shown that the fishing bounty was a mere substitute for the present draw-back on the salt used in curing exported fish, and that the fishermen much preferred their allowance in the more direct shape.(2) Upon the public debt act, which provided for out-standing certificates not subscribed to the new loans, an attempt was unsuccessfully made to ingraft a further assumption of State debts.(3) The present expense of revenue collection was very small, being only about 3 1/2 per cent. of the income, and this early revenue produced not far from nine times as much as the current support of the government required, leaving the large balance to be appropriated to the public debt and extraordinary expenses.
Party spirit showed its teeth at this session while a new apportionment bill was under consideration. The census of 1790, the first in our national decade, showed an aggregate population in the United States exceeding 3,920,000, inclusive of slaves. Of free whites there were some 100,000
(1) Act May 8th, 1792, C. 32; Hamilton's Report, March 5th, 1792.
(2) Act February 16th, 1792, c. 6.
(3) Act May 8th, 1792, c. 38.
206 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES Chap. II.
more males than females, the preponderance of the latter sex being, as it has since remained, in the Eastern and more thickly settled portion of the Union. The Northwestern Territory contained, as yet, but a few hundred inhabitants, while in the slave region south of the Ohio, into which Virginia settlers had flocked in great numbers, were nearly 37,000. Slaves constituted from one-sixth to one-fifth of the whole population of the country.
In accordance with this new enumeration it became proper to reapportion the House, and the opposition were highly desirous of so enlarging the membership of the popular branch as to make it a surer counterpoise of the Senate, The Hamilton Federalists, however, were opposed to any such enlargement, foreseeing that by a change in that direction they riskedtheir present supremacy in Congress; but as a change was inevitable they favored a representation such as would be least likely to diminish their strength. Allowing one to every 30,000 inhabitants - the largest representation of which the Constitution permitted - there would be a House of 113 members; and thus did the bill first pass this branch of the legislature. But ciphering showed that this would leave in some of the Northeastern States large fractions unrepresented, and operate directly to the advantage of the Southern opposition; so the Senate sent back the bill, changing the ratio to one for every 33,000. To this the House disagreed and the bill was lost. A second bill, which passed the House by a very close geographical vote, was vetoed by the President as unconstitutional; and this first exercise of the veto power in our history sealed the fate of the bill. A third bill was now reported which passed both Houses and became a law: namely, to allow on Representative for every 33,000, agreeably to the first proposition of the Senate, thus allowing to the House, after March 3d, 1793, 105 members.(1) In the different stages of these bills there was much acrimony of discussion. Each House divided on the test votes very closely, the Senate.
1791- 92 OPPOSITION IN CONGRESS 207
requiring more than once the casting vote Of the Vice-President.
Virginia led the opposition in some lesser sallies upon the Federalists, whose endeavors to keep up a high-toned government were obstructive of the popular wishes. In the Senate a strong but unsuccessful effort was made by Monroe, seconded by Richard Henry Lee, to abolish secret sessions, the vote standing 8 to 17. A Federal proposition in the House to put the President's head upon the new United States coins was assailed with more effect as an unrepublican imitation of Cææsar's image and superscription, and the device of Liberty was finally substituted instead. Though in this instance and another, where plans were being pressed for erecting an equestrian statue to Washington, it seemed as if the sentiment of the President's native State had set most strongly against him, the real animus of the opposition was directed against the Hamilton clique, from whose influence they endeavored to draw Washington; for towards him personally only the most respectful language was used.
An important act of this session related to the postal administration of the United States. Post-offices and post-roads were established in convenient parts of the country, together with a general post-office at the seat of government, and a permanent Postmaster-General. The Postmaster-General, though not yet ranking with heads of executive departments, was intrusted with important functions; but Congress determined where post-offices and post-roads should be located, instead of leaving this as hitherto to the Executive. For robbery of the mail death was denounced. Postage was graduated by both weight and distance; the rule hitherto in force and prevalent much longer in our system. Department correspondence went free for the most part. But as to granting the franking privilege to legislators, a feature then novel, permission was not accorded until after a heated debate, and then only as to matter of a limited weight, and
(1) The ground upon which the President vetoed the second bill was, that by the division under the bill eight States would take more than their constitutional ratio of one for every 30,000.
The following is reprinted from page 206 of James Schoulers "History of the United States." printed in 1880, by Dodd, Mead & Company.
Mr. Schouler, was an attorney with High Credentials. Unfortunately; He had failed to Compare his writings, to the Documents he was referring to. Had he done so, We, as a Nation would not be Floundering.
It was claimed the reason the President vetoed the second bill was, that by the division under the bill EIGHT STATES would take more than their constitutional ratio of one for every 30,000.
The alert reader will Question why Congress chose to Deliberately ignore Washington's First Veto.
QUESTION: IF THIS BILL, WAS VETOED THE FIRST TIME AS BEING UNCONSTITUTIONAL, Why did George Washington sign the ACT of APRIL 14th 1792., which was EQUAL TO THE ONE HE HAD VETOED?
Finally: Where is that CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT AUTHORIZING THIS CHANGE?
Our unread History Books show; Both George Washington, and Alexander Hamilton, were aware the Constitutional Mandates were being Violated within minutes of its Ratification by the Embryo Politicians. George Washington as mentioned, was NO ADMIRER of Any Form of POLITICS, and in his Farewell Address He Stated;
"The basis of our political system is the right of the people to alter their Constitutions of government; but the Constitution which at any time EXISTS, TILL CHANGED BY AN EXPLICIT AUTHENTIC ACT OF THE WHOLE PEOPLE, IS SACREDLY OBLIGATORY UPON ALL."
And; Alexander Hamilton in a letter to Gouvenour Morris dated February 27, 1802. "The time may ere long arrive when the minds of men will be prepared to make an effort TO RECOVER THE CONSTITUTION, but the many cannot now be brought TO MAKE A STAND FOR ITS PRESERVATION". These Two Signers of Our Written Constitution, are found to be, the Only Individuals to Admit, THE POLITICIANS had DELIBERATELY DEFAULTED THE CONSTITUTIONS MANDATES, within a few Years of its Creation.....
The Information that YOU HAVE HERE, is a part of the Documented PROOF, that ALL the LAWS made in VIOLATION of THIS CONSTITUTION, are LEGALLY NULL and VOID!
Even though those So-called laws were made Illegally; A Few LAW Wizards Claimed A PRECEDENT was Set, when these were Accepted. To Repeat, There are Only Two Methods in which this Document May be Amended; And a PRECEDENT is Not one of them!
Because of this ASSUMPTION; Every PETTY POLITICIAN had become a LAWMAKER. Making Criminals out of Decent People, who are Desperately Trying to Stay Even, in a Losing fight! The group that will Reap a Rude Awakening; Are Those in Our Modern Dumbed Down Generation, who in Most cases, ARE NOW LIVING an Affluent Life Style...
A Law is: Whatever a Gullible Person chooses it to be!