Make your own free website on Tripod.com

A Lesson in Grammar:

GRAMMAR IN RHYME. --Of course the whole science of grammar cannot be composed in 20 lines of verse, but the 10 couplets which are here given, have started many young learners upon the difficult road which leads to mastery of language. The lines are worth remembering.

Three little words you often see Are articles a, an, and the.

A noun's the name of any thing, As school or garden, hoop or swing.

Adjectives tell the kind of noun, As great, small, pretty, white, or brown.

Instead of nouns the pronouns stand -- her head, his face, your arms my hand.

Verbs tell of something to be done -- To read, count, laugh, sing, jump, or run.

How things are done the adverbs tell, As slowly, quickly, ill, or well.

Conjunctions join the words together, As men and women, wind or weather.

The preposition stands before A noun, As in or through the door.

The interjection shows surprise, As 0! how pretty, Ah! how wise.

The whole are called nine parts of speech, Which reading, writing, speaking teach.

A-MEND'MENT, n. An alteration or change for the better; correction of a fault or faults; reformation of life, by quitting vices.

2. In legislative proceedings, any alteration in a bill or motion, by adding, changing, or omitting.

3. In law, the correction of an error in a writ or precess.

Shakspeare uses it for the recovery of health, but this sense is unusual.

A-MENDS', n. pl. [Fr. amende.]

Compensation for an injury; recompense; satisfaction; equivalent; as, the happiness of a future life will more than. make amends for the miseries of this.

BILL, n. [Norm. bille a label or note ; Fr. billet, bil; Arm.bilked; Sp billets; It. bigliettoe,bullelta, bollelttino. The primary sense is a roll or folded paper, Sp. Boleta, a billet, a ticket, and a paper of tobacco, coinciding with bola, a ball; or it is from cutting off; and signifies a piece]

1.In law a declaration in writing, expressing some wrong the complainant suffered from the defendant, or a fault committed by some person against a law. It contains the fact complained of, the damage sustained, and a petition or process against the defendant for redress. It is used both in civil and criminal cases.

In Scots law, every summary application in writing, by way of petition to the court of session, is called a bill.

2.In law and in commerce, in England, an obligation or security given for money under the hand, and sometimes the seal, of the debtor, without a condition or forfeiture for non-payment. In the latter circumstance, it differs from a bond. In the United States, this species of security is usually called a note, a note of hand, or a promissory note.

3. A form or draft of a law, presented to a legislature, but not enacted, in some cases,

statues are called bills; but usually they are qualified by some description as, a bill of attainder.

4.A paper written or printed, and posted up in some public place, advertising the proposed sale of goods or particular things; an advertisement posted.

5.An account of goods sold or delivered, services rendered, or work done, with the price or value annexed to each article.

6.Any written paper, containing a statement of particulars; as, a bill of charges or expenditures ; a physician's bill of prescriptions; a bill of fare or provisions, &c.

DOCTRINE, n. [L. doctrine, from doceo, to teach.]

In a general sense, whatever is taught. Hence a principle or position in any science; whatever is laid down as true by an instructor or master. The doctrines of the gospel are the principles or truths taught by Christ and his apostles. The doctrines of Plato are the principles which he taught. Hence a doctrine may be true or false; it may be a mere tenet or opinion.

2.The act of teaching. He taught them many things by parables, and said to them in his doctrines Mark iv.

3. Learning ; knowledge.

ED' U-CA-BLE, a. That may be educated.

ED' U-CATE, (ed'yu-käte,) v.t. [L. educo, edauare; e and duco, to lead; It. educare; Sp. educar.] To bring up, as a child; to instruct; to inform and enlighten the understanding; to instil into the mind principles of arts, science, morals, religion, and behaviour.

To educate children well is one of the most important duties of parents and guardians.

EDUCATED, pp. or a. Brought up; instructed; furnished with knowledge or principles; trained ; disciplined.

ED'U-CATING, ppr. Instructing; enlightening the understanding, and forming the manners.

ED-U-CA' TION, n. [L educatic.] The bringing up, as of a child; instruction; formation of manners Education comprehends all that series of Instruction and discipline which is intended to enlighten the understanding, correct the temper, and form the manners and habits of youth, and fit them for usefulness in their future stations. To give children a good education in manners, arts, and science, is important; to give them a religious education is a is indispensable; and an immense responsibility Tests on parents and guardians who neglect these duties.

FOL' LOW-ER, n. One who comes, goes, or moves after another, in the same course.

2. One that takes another as his guide in doctrines, opinions, or example; one who receives the opinions, and Imitates the example, of another; an adherent; an imitator.

That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who, through faith sod patience, inherit the promises. - Heb. vi.

3. One who obeys, worships, and honors. Be ye followers of God, as dear children. -Eph. v.

4. An adherent; a disciple; one who embraces the same system; as, a follower of Plato.

5. An attendant; a companion; an associate or a dependent. The warrior distributed the plunder among his followers. No follower, but a friend. Pope.

6. One under the command of another. Spenser, Dryden

7. One of the same faction or party.

ES-TAB'LISH-MENT, n. [Fr. etablissment.]

1.The act of establishing, founding, ratifying, or ordaining. 2. Settlement; fixed state. Spenser. 3. Conformation ; ratification of what had been settled or made. Bacon. 4. Settled regulation; form; ordinance; system of laws; constitution of government. Bring in that establishment by which all men should be contained in duty. 5. Fixed or stated allowance for subsistence ; income; salary. His excellency- might gradually lessen your establishment. Swift. 6. That which is fixed or established; as a permanent military force, a fixed garrison, a local government, an agency, a factory, &c. The king has establishments to support in the four quarters of the globe. 7. A place of residence or of transacting business.

8. That form of religious worship which is established and supported by the state.

9. Settlement or final rest. We set up our hopes and establishment here.

PRE-CED'ENT, a. Going before in time; anterior; antecedent ; as, precedent services; a precedent fault of the will.

The world, or any part thereof should not be precedent to the Creation of man. Hale.

A precedent condition in law, is a condition which must happen or be performed before an estate or some right can vest, and on failure of which the estate or right is defeated. Blackstone.

PREC'E-DENT, n. Some thing done or said that may serve or be adduced as an example to authorize a subsequent act of the like kind.

Examples for cases can but direct as precedents only.. Hooker.

2 In law, a judicial decision, interlocutory or final, which serves as a rule for future determinations in similar or analogous cases; or any proceeding, or course of proceedings, which may serve for a rule in subsequent cases of a like nature.